going beyond gender as a way of organising sports

In 2009, there was a public outcry when star athlete Caster Semenya was forced to undergo gender verification testing to prove she was female. Academics Cooky and Dworkin argue that gender verification tests are motivated by sexist, outdated ideas about the need to separate male and female athletes. They question whether it is necessary to segregate athletes by gender. They … More going beyond gender as a way of organising sports

Do ‘intersex’ athletes compete as women or men?

The institution of sport has traditionally been organised around two genders: male and female. However, gender is not quite a fixed dichotomy between male and female. Cooky and Dworkin examine intersex individuals in their paper, “Policing the Boundaries of Sex”. They argue that intersex athletes have faced difficulties when participating in sports competitions that operate on … More Do ‘intersex’ athletes compete as women or men?